First, we must choose to use executions because they may save innocent life. Whereas, if we choose not to use executions and there is a general deterrent effect, we would be sacrificing innocent lives.
Therefore, a moral imperative exists to choose executions see B. Secondly, the individual deterrent effect would not exist but for the presence of general deterrence. And because the individual deterrent effect is proven and cannot be contradicted, we know that the general deterrent effect must exist, even though its existence may remain inconclusive by statistical analysis.
Opponents state that if the death penalty was a deterrent then states that have the death penalty would have a reduced homicide rate. Delaware, which executes more murderers per capita than any other state in the U. Furthermore, general or systemic deterrence is not necessarily measured by low or reduced homicide rates, but by rates that are lower than they otherwise would be if the death penalty was not present.
Additionally, some countries, such as Saudi Arabia, have swift and sure executions and very low violent crime rates. It is not surprising that the U.
While most in the U. The highest murder rate in Houston Harris County , Texas occurred in , with murders. Texas resumed executions in Sister Helen Prejean Dead Man Walking joins this hideous chorus, proclaiming that " m iddle-class and upper middle-class white people Clearly, these statements reveal only their prejudice. And there is, of course, no excuse for anyone that commits capital murder.
Stevenson and Prejean do hereby reflect either their unbelievable ignorance or their willful and foul deception. Based on their active involvement in the death penalty debate, both Stevenson and Prejean should must? In fact, statistics indicate that wealthy capital murderers may be more likely to be executed.
Furthermore, whites who kill whites are slightly more likely to be on death row than blacks who kill whites. Finally, whites who kill blacks are slightly more likely to be on death row than blacks who kill whites. Since , there is absolutely no credible evidence to support any other conclusion. Could it be that we just hate white murderers more?
Or that we only care about white capital murder victims? Or should we conclude that the "system" focuses its benevolence toward black murderers, but its racism against black victims? Such perverse conclusions, by opponents, are expected and serve only to further undermine their quickly eroding credibility. Successful capital prosecutions have nothing to do with the race of the victim or of the defendant and everything to do with the nature of the crimes. The most thorough evaluation of this subject was presented in McCleskey v.
Could it be that whites are, overwhelmingly, the victims in death row cases because whites are, overwhelmingly, the victims in capital crimes? What is the ratio of white to black victims under the relevant, but non-homicide circumstances, which, when combined with homicide, become capital crimes? A The most relevant economic violent crime is robbery with injury, which shows a 4: E In death penalty states, police victim murders are capital crimes.
There is a 7: These factors, and others within this section, are consistent with the 6: Yes, but, make no mistake, murder victims and capital murder victims are two very distinct groups. And only capital murders are relevant to death penalty cases.
Capital crimes are very unique, combining murder with specific circumstance, such as subsets A-H. Should we balance the scales of justice and execute equally the killers of blacks and whites? Only if you wish to increase the number of black murderers executed. The overwhelming majority of black on black murders have mitigating circumstances, thereby reducing the numbers of blacks who might otherwise be executed.
First, some of the studies which the GAO included in their analysis included non-capital murders. This certainly impairs the integrity of the results because only capital murders should have been included. Stephen Klein and John Rolph, "Relationship of Offender and Victim Race to Death Penalty Sentences in California" Jurimetrics Journal, 32, Fall , found that, "After accounting for some of the many factors that may influence penalty decisions, neither race of the defendant nor race of the victim appreciably improved prediction of who was sentenced to death.
Fourth, crime statistics show a 4: Such ratios are consistent with the 6: Baldus, Woodward and Pulaski, McCleskey argued that the death penalty was racist. Owen Forester found that the study's conclusions of racial bias were without merit. In , the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, by a vote, stated "Viewed broadly, it would seem that the statistical evidence presented here Apparent disparities in sentencing are an inevitable part of our criminal justice system.
Opponents falsely contend that this is evidence of racism in the "system". For all violent crimes, there are ten times as many black offenders 2,, involved in white victim violent crimes as there are white offenders , involved in black victim violent crimes, or a The State of Violent Crime in America, pg.
JFA has assumed multiple offenders to be two offenders for calculation purposes. In addition, blacks are nearly three times as likely to murder whites , as whites are to murder blacks , or 3: IF murder rates are statistically consistent within the violent crime category, as McCleskey et al indicate, then blacks are, statistically, by a These are those crimes most eligible for the death penalty.
That statistically projected ratio of The most relevant aggravated crime is robbery with injury, wherein blacks are 21 times more likely to be involved in such crimes as are whites.
IF overall murder statistics are consistent, within this crime category, as McCleskey et al suggests, then there is a This is a deserved reputation, particularly in the South. Blacks have suffered some years of slavery and blatantly racist criminal justice practices. From the practices of punishing blacks, who rape whites, with death and whites, who rape blacks, with a slap on the wrist, to the three trials needed to convict Byron de la Beckwith for the murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers, generations of black Americans cannot and must not forget.
From , white murderers were more likely to be executed than black murderers This trend continues today. BJS, Prisoners in Researchers find a close relationship between the racial distribution in arrest and prison statistics and the race of offenders as described by crime victims. In other words, according to the reports from victims, racial groups are represented in prison according to their involvement in criminal activity.
Prison Populations, ; M. Drawing only on personal knowledge, we found that since , in Texas, alone, at least seven middle class to wealthy murderers have been put on death row. Three additional await execution.
Extensive, objective research would, undoubtedly, reveal many more. Because financial need can be excluded, the category of wealthy capital murderer can be assumed to murder at a rate 10 times less than their poorer ilk.
Therefore, the projected number of wealthy executed from is 2 , or 12 million x. The ratio of men to women on death row and executed is Men committed , rapes, robberies and burglaries, women 47, or a From , men committed 7 times as many murders as women, or 7: Therefore, it may be statistically predictable that men are, by a Women appear to be on death row in numbers that would be expected.
However, one would expect that 5 women would have been executed since , when only 1 has been executed. Predictably, these pronouncements may be entirely false. This helps to eliminate any errors that could lead to executing the wrong person. He also points out that although there is a small possibility for mistakes to be made, this does not mean capital punishment should be abolished. If everything that had the potential for harmful mistakes were outlawed, society would be extremely crippled.
It is true that there is disproportionality when it comes to the races and classes that most frequently receive the death penalty. It has been proven that minorities and those with lower income levels are overrepresented on death row. This is not due to discrimination; this is due to the higher rate at which these groups commit crime ProCon.
It has been argued that poverty breeds criminality; if this is true then it makes sense that those at a lower income level would more frequently be sentenced to execution than those at higher income levels ProCon. It has also been proven that minorities are disproportionately poor, and therefore they would also be more likely to receive the death penalty.
Ernest van den Haag said it best:. The only relevant question is: Whether or not others deserved the same punishment, whatever the economic or racial group, have avoided execution is irrelevant. It does not matter what race or economic status a person is, if he is guilty he must receive the appropriate punishment, which in some cases may be the death penalty. Capital punishment can be a difficult topic to approach because people tend to have extreme views on it.
The death penalty is an asset to society; it deters potential criminals as well as serves retribution to criminals, and is in no way immoral. The arguments against the death penalty often do not hold up when examined more closely.
It is important that the nation is united on this issue, rather than having some states use capital punishment while others do not. The death penalty can be an extremely useful tool in sentencing criminals that have committed some of the worst crimes known to society. It is imperative that we begin to pass legislation making capital punishment legal throughout the United States so that justice can be served properly.
The Case for Justice. Death Penalty Curricula for High School. Death Penalty Information Center. This entry was posted on Wednesday, April 24th, at 5: You can follow any comments to this entry through the RSS 2. You can leave a comment , or trackback from your own site. You must be logged in to post a comment. Ernest van den Haag, a professor at Fordham University, wrote about the issue of deterrence: Ernest van den Haag said it best: Works Cited Bosner, Kevin.
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I think that if you kill someone you should be given the death penalty. I think that the death of There are five basic reasons that society uses when imposing "punishment" that I've been able to conclude from my readings.
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