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What Is the Difference Between Inductive Research and Deductive Research?

What Is Systematic Observation in Psychology?

❶The distinction between the two approaches is clear and concise.

What Is the Difference Between Inductive Vs. Deductive Reasoning?

What is Deductive Research?
What Is the Difference Between Inductive and Deductive Logic?
What is Inductive Research?

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The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data.

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Inductive approach, also known in inductive reasoning, starts with the observations and theories are proposed towards the end of the research .

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Deductive research aims to test an existing theory while inductive research aims to generate new theories from observed data. Deductive research works from the more general to the more specific, and inductive research works from more specific observations to more general theories. Inductive research mainly focuses on building new theories, whereas deductive research focuses on verifying theories. This is the main difference between the two types of research. Through this article let us examine the differences between the two types of research, inductive and deductive research.

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Deductive reasoning is more narrow in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses. Even though a particular study may look like it's purely deductive (e.g., an experiment designed to test the hypothesized effects of some treatment on some outcome), most social research involves both inductive and deductive reasoning . An inductive research approach is one that begins with the final stages of scientific research, typically observation, and works backward to form a hypothesis. It is the opposite of deductive research. Inductive reasoning is common among the social sciences whereas deductive research is more common.