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David Damrosch argued for world literature as less a vast canon of works and more a matter of circulation and reception, and he proposed that works that thrive as world literature are ones that work well and even gain in various ways in translation. Whereas Damrosch's approach remains tied to the close reading of individual works, a very different view was taken by the Stanford critic Franco Moretti in a pair of articles offering "Conjectures on World Literature".

Moretti's approach combined elements of evolutionary theory with the world-systems analysis pioneered by Immanuel Wallerstein , an approach further discussed since then by Emily Apter in her influential book The Translation Zone. Both Moretti and Casanova emphasize the inequalities of the global literary field, which Moretti describes as "one, but unequal".

The field of world literature continues to generate debate, with critics such as Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak arguing that too often the study of world literature in translation smooths out both the linguistic richness of the original and the political force a work can have in its original context.

Once a primarily European and American concern, world literature is now actively studied and discussed in many parts of the world. World literature series are now being published in China and in Estonia, and a new Institute for World Literature, offering month-long summer sessions on theory and pedagogy, had its inaugural session at Peking University in , with its next sessions at Istanbul Bilgi University in and at Harvard University in Since the middle of the first decade of the new century, a steady stream of works has provided materials for the study of the history of world literature and the current debates.

Valuable collections of essays include:. The World Wide Web provides in many ways the logical medium for the global circulation of world literature, and many websites now enable readers around the world to sample the world's literary productions. Finally, globally oriented authors themselves are increasingly creating work for the internet. What texts count as world literature is debatable. While some argue that a work's exemplary artistic value and influence allow it to enter the canon of world literature, many scholars of world literature point out that literary quality is not inherent nor influence universal or lasting; rather, standards of quality are relative and vary among communities and across space and time.

As the scholar David Damrosch writes, "Over the centuries, an unusually shifty work can come in and out of the sphere of world literature several different times; and at any given point, a work may function as world literature for some readers but not others, and for some kinds of reading but not others. The shifts a work may undergo, moreover, do not reflect the unfolding of some internal logic of the work in itself but come about through often complex dynamics of cultural change and contestation.

Very few works secure a quick and permanent place in the limited company of perennial World Masterpieces; most works shift around over time, even moving into and out of the category of 'the masterpiece. Thus, rather than gauge a work's worthiness as world literature on its inherent quality or lasting influence, many scholars assert that what makes a work world literature is merely its circulation beyond its country of origin.

For example, Damrosch states, "A work enters into world literature by a double process: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article is written like a personal reflection or opinion essay that states a Wikipedia editor's personal feelings about a topic. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style.

November Learn how and when to remove this template message. I'm doing my essay on antigone but i'm not sure what i'm supposed to write.. Follow 2 Hi, found an example for you: It's not so much an argument as an analysis of an extract s of the book s with respect to your question. By this I mean you must pick one or more extracts and pick apart phrases within them, discussing the significance of the words the author has used and to what effect.

Mention lots of literary features e. These are like buzzwords for whoever will be marking your paper, it shows you understand what literary features are, an important aspect of the course.

If you are struggling to come up with a question write down all of the central issues and themes within your book and see if that gives you some inspiration, for example, a common theme between the two books I studied was imprisonment and that's how I came up with my question.

I hope this helps and isn't too confusing. Follow 3 Please help me also. I am not sure of what to write or how to go about the essay. Follow 4 Original post by anuj Please help me also. Last edited by fairisle13; at Follow 5 Original post by fairisle13 I don't know exactly how much help I'll be because I haven't studied either of the two texts, but see above for general rule of thumb.

I would suggest you pick a theme in either of the two books, A Christmas Carol is probably easier to find help for on the net: If you were to do this question perhaps discuss whether the setting is a microcosm and whether the story could be considered a didactic moral message to reader. Whatever you decide to do justify your response to the question by using quotes from two or three extracts of the book generally page long extracts. Make sure if you directly use any ideas from online that aren't you own that you cite them in your essay.

It may also be of help to you to search for some sample World Literature essays, or maybe ask your teacher if you can see one of last year's essays as a guide for how to set yours out? Once you come up with a question I'd check it with your teacher to see what they think about the wording etc. Follow 6 Original post by anuj Thank you so much mate. Lets see what happens. I have my IOP today.

Follow 7 By and large, the book speaks volumes on the absurdity of the society at the time. Additionally, being a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment, the author dwells on the folly The writer uses the phrase where he says that Grandgousier and Gargamelle are making the beast with two backs together with joy while rubbing their Getting the Message Through essay The capability of the military battalion to send messages in and out of the camp where they are situated at camp is a very important part of becoming well aware of the situations happening around them which may have an effect on how they are Ghost Soldiers essay Ghost Soldiers: The non-fiction book gives a comprehensive account of the popular raid by the troops drawn from the U.

Enkidu converts from a desolate man into a principled one due to Gilgamesh, and their relationship changes Gilgamesh from being bully and tyrant to a prototypical hero and Glengarry Glen Ross essay Business is a competitive and merciless sphere. Yet this can be not enough.

Often one needs to reveal such treats of Great Gatsby by Fitzgerald, F. The book was published in April depicting criticism towards the American Dream.

Grendel Paper essay Introduction Nihilism is a combination of philosophical concepts that are boldly analyzed in Grendel, a novel by John Gardner. Grendel walks on a path of self-discovery and finally becomes a nihilist only to be rescued by hero Beowulf.

Hampton Sides essay Hampton Sides did a wonderful job in the writing of this interesting book. The author provides a detailed account of the events surrounding the historic rescue mission in a peculiar manner that it brings to the fore perseverance, courage and strong Harry Potter Reveals Discrimination essay The novel is filled with humorous tales of discrimination in and around the school.

There are many characters in the novel, and they do not always get along well. They make fun of each other and judge each other by a certain set of standards.

Heart of Darkness essay That darkness took the form of imperialism and racism. In "Heart of Darkness" Kurtz embodied both of these ideas. His imperialistic nature was shown in the way he set himself up as a god and rides to control all of the land that he could Hercules Greek God essay He is the greatest of all mythical characters among the Greeks. According to them, he was the strongest man on earth; he exuded confidence in all difficult situations and considered himself as being at the same level with gods.

Maia gave birth to Hermes at Mountain of Kyllene, where Zeus visited her; Maia avoided light and lived in a deep cave, only few deathless gods and mortals knew about her whereabouts. Hills Like White Elephants essay "Crush humanity out of shape once more, under similar hammers, and it will twist itself into the same tortured forms.

Sow the same seed of rapacious license and oppression over again, and it will surely yield the same fruit according to its Hills like White Elephants Analysis essay Introduction This is a story about a man only referred to as the American and a lady referred to as Jig.

These characters are sitting at a train station in Spain, and they are waiting for a train that will take them to Madrid. The train station is The story is generally about a couple grappling with an abortion situation.

The dialogue between the pregnant girl and Honor in Hippolytus essay The events depicting honor forms a core part of Hippolytus. The desire to honor sets a platform for characters in the play to swear allegiance and revere a god over another. This is notable at the opening of the play when Aphrodite, the Goddess of How I, My Family and Friends Deal with Food Waste essay A lot of people assume that wasted food have a small impact on the environment because majority of the food substances decompose into the ground.

What they forget to recognize is that for food to reach their tables, a lot of natural resources, How Setting Affects the Plot essay The two books: In the book, Building the fire by Jack London has been set in the cool Basically, the story talks about the different life choices of the two brothers who lived in the brutal African-American Truthfully, although their write-ups present the truth, it could be seen how women always see the lighter side of things through Hyde, an interesting story by Robert Louis Stevenson, a Scottish renowned writer, narrates an ordeal of a man, Dr.

Jekyll, who finds a way of transforming himself into a mean person, Mr. Hyde, and use the He entered the history of the world literature because of his marvelous novels about life of America in the s.

The most prominent place among his works occupies The Great Impact of Setting essay Any work of literature has a setting, be it a poem, drama, prose fiction, epic, among others. The setting is either physical, or the background against where the action takes place. It can be in terms of time or aspect of temporal. Time can be terms John Wade is a politician running for a position in the U.

Senate but he suffers defeat after details of his actions in the Vietnamese war become public so he rents a cottage with his Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl essay The book Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl talks about the tribulations of a slave girl under the rule of heartless slave masters.

In the book, Harriet Jacobs highlights her experiences as a slave girl using the pen name Linda Brent. Individualism in British Romantic Literature essay In the current historical reassessment of romanticism, individualism has rightly become a major area of scholarly and critical focus.

One important question that has begun to press to the surface of critical discussion in the investigation of This kind of literature has been like a hot cake amidst the young and even gone ahead to defy the odds of age to be It was set in undisclosed town in Denmark. It revolves around the life of Nora who was married to Helmer Torvald who she describes as a male chauvinist bully husband.

This paper gives a critical It details the experiences of the narrator, Paul Baumer, a young man who leaves school to join the Germany army during World War 1. In his work, Coetzee is careful to make all his text and literally work read not in exclusion but as an He was only twenty four years old. The story took place in April , when Intuition as depicted in the book The Gift of Fear essay The Gift of Fear is a non-fiction book that is meant for a self-help and is authored by Gavin de Becker.

The book is meticulously written with all the facts integrated to provide the readers with help on how to avoid violence and trauma by shading Invisible Man essay Metaphor is a device that brings comparison to show how two items which are not similar in many ways are similar in one vital way.

It tends to show two things are the same. There are about four types of metaphors and are differentiated depending on Irish Fiction essay Introduction An idealized representation of an Anglo-Irish house is at odds with realities in a period with profound economic and historical upheavals.

In the face of these upheavals, the Dysarts, the positive Ascendancy family at the middle of the Is Meursault a sociopath? He is unreasonable in the society as he disobeys its rules and habits, so he deserves his execution after he killed an Arab in the process of The writer uses the fictional character Jane Eyre to depict his themes in the novel.

In relation to this easy, the Murasaki Shikibu wrote this masterpiece at the beginning of 11th century where it reveals a basic The book therefore strives to On the fourteenth story of a law firm. Journey of the Magi essay Journey of the Magi by T. S Elliot is an outline of contrasted experiences that is based on the native nature of Jesus Christ.

The use of monologue in the story describes the true journey of Magi on his way to Bethlehem to search for a spiritual The fifteen-year-old girl spends most of her time doing beauty make ups and The two siblings anxiously wait for their nephew Gabriel Convoy to arrive; he is a son of their deceased His life, Being subjected to experiencing the harsh effects of the Mexican revolution to his family and society, Rulfo became fond of writing about the Mexican culture and the different Kafka uses metaphors in his works so as to bring out a deeper meaning from his stories.

In this book, The Hunger Artist, According to King James I, "Kings are justly called gods for that they exercise a manner or resemblance of divine power on earth. For if you will Literary analysis of Passage in Act 1 scene 5 essay The passage presents the entry of a ghost speaking to Hamlet about things he believes are factual and of great significance. What according to Prof. Arndt is the point of literary theory? Professor Arndt explains that the main point of literary theory is to guide us whenever tackling real literature.

This means we have to relate what we read with Literature Essay essay The knowledge in writing comparison essay, critical and analytical essays enables one to write literature essays without any difficulty because literature essays combines the basic techniques involved in the three types of essays mentioned. Literature Review essay Gilad, I. Inserting cost effectiveness to the ergonomic equation when considering practical solutions. International Journal of Production Research, 44, Work study techniques and ergonomics share a common Literature Themes essay A theme refers to an aspect of a story that is regularly repeated throughout the story.

It is mostly the moral lesson that underlies the story and can be identified by many people who read the story. Themes may vary from one story to another Literature Theory Essay essay Many poets produce good pieces of literary work either in form of poems or plays. Shakespeare, Greenberg and Schweickart are the most influential writers in the world history.

This paper defines their poems and artistic styles, which they used in Logical Fallacies in Many Rivers to Cross essay Introduction A logical fallacy is a premise based on incorrect reasoning.

The story is a speech The main idea of the story is to show the conflict of two worlds. On the one side we have the mission authorities who want to reform the unprogressive school and are It further edifies the tale promoted by Disney for Love in the Bible essay The bible is the inspired word of God. It contains sixty six books which were written by forty different authors in three languages. The bible has been written in The plot is set in Branson County, which is a rural community, with a predominantly white Macbeth essay Introduction Shakespeare is a master at creating tragedies.

He takes this style to offer people a non-forgiving way of taking charge of their actions; for every bad deed, there is a consequence, and the bad deed will come bouncing back at the person Macbeth Essay essay Introduction Shakespeare is one of the main writers in the world literature. Main Periods of English Literature essay English literature is considered to be one of the richest literatures in the world.

It is the literature of a great nation inhabiting an island in the west of Europe. It goes without saying that literature is the reflection of nation and society, so Martin Espada essay This is a poem by Martin Espada which gives a description of the life of Tony as he matures from the elementary or basic school to law school.

Every verse gives depicts the life and features involved in his development as works getting a place in Medicine River essay The novel Medicine River reflects a lot of realism, and Will Sampson, the main character, is an embodiment of the social realism.

The novel is set in a traditional Native American society, and the characters reflect the values of this society. Mere Christianity essay C. Lewis through his book, Mere Christianity, Presents his ideas about the basic Christian philosophies that can be agreed on by most people.

Metamorphosis essay Kafka a household name in the world of fiction presents one of his masterpieces The Metamorphosis which depicts a character who is transformed into a bug.

Michel Foucault Critique essay Firstly, Michael Foucault steadily criticizes the name used by the author in his publication. As portrayed in his critics, Michel believes that a normal human being ought not to have such a name. On the Waterfront and The Crucible essay Introduction All literary works, ranging from plays, films, novels, short stories to oral narratives and everyday stories, derive their material from the way any society lives. The period in which a certain literary work was conceived is of no However, Satan is considered to be a Modern Hero versus Tragic Hero essay In drama and film, a hero is the person without whom the plot of the story will lack direction.

The storyline revolves around the hero, and other characters help the artist to derive the traits that he intended to bring out about the hero.

The essay begins by contextualizing the theme of monarchy from The narrative captures the reader heart in She says that her family produced the best environment for her reading. This is because the parents encouraged her to read, and they bought books that she read. Morality essay The passage presents an incident where men go back to their colleague ten years since the Trojan War. A snake at the shores of Lemnos bit Philoctetes. Philoctetes immobility forced his colleague Odysseus to abandon him at the Desert of Lemnos He portrays a great sense of moral kindness when he assists his blind father despite all the tribulations he had caused him.

The main character of the text is Okonkwo, a man who falls from grace to grass. The passage in question is one of the initial parts of the second part of the book In his life, he leaves important aspects that make the reader remember. He has a strong belief that he can win and overcome all the Myths of a Culture essay Myths of a culture are attempts by people to explain the world or environment in which they live in. Each culture has its own myths which are considered as universal truths by the communities.

They try to explain their origin, and how they came to The narrative is a real life story of the writer, and it was published in after the writer had Nathaniel Hawthorne essay Nathaniel Hawthorne was a novelist and a short story writer from America. The themes of inherent evil and the human Paula Underwood essay The point at which Native American literature became "modern" is a matter of much debate.

Some locate it as soon as writer such as Paula Underwood began producing objects for Western viewers. Others identify it with the point when they Nature of Frost essay Robert Frost was a renowned poet who was born in San Francisco, where he lived for the first eleven years of his life. Upon his father's death, a journalist, he moved with his mother and sister to Massachusetts near his paternal grandparents. No Name Woman essay Introduction Question: Why does the mother tell this story to her daughter?

The story tells of a woman who gets an Maxine Hong Kingston was born in Chinese immigrant family; on the pages of No Name Woman she describes her feelings and This is essentially achieved by providing explicit history Women are supposed to take an inferior Norse Gods Mythology essay Viking gods of the Norse mythology had their roots in the Scandinavian prehistory, particularly during the Germanic-Iron Age that has come to be known as the Proto-Norse Age. The mythology flourished consequent to Christianization of the The other wordings should be Oedipus the King essay The story of the King Oedipus begins when an oracle foretold that a child born to Laius, king of Thebes by his queen Jocasta, would slay his father and wed his mother.

It is a tale of blamelessness lost in the awakening of adult understanding and disappointment that leave readers intensely moved. The sweet pureness and innocence of love is Othello and Desdemona essay This paper investigates the literature available in the Shakespeare story of Othello.

It analyses the nature of love that existed between Othello and Desdemona. In addition, the paper elucidates the nature of commitment between the two, and decides Othello by Shakespeare essay Desdemona is one of the characters in the play Othello directed by Shakespeare She is a very beautiful lady who lets her father down after escaping with Othello.

She decides to move with her husband to Cyprus after he was allocated In his poetic works, Aristotle introduces six Othello, the Moor of Venice essay Othello, The Moor of Venice by Shakespeare is a play that demonstrates the impacts of control and problems arising from it.

It is essential to Theme of Jealousy essay Jealousy is a controlling emotion. Whether exhibited in a platonic or sexual relationship, once jealousy is insinuated, it can result in distressing Out, Out - by Robert Frost essay Robert Frost is a famous English artist who is known all over the globe for philosophical motifs of the poems.

Paradise of Bachelors and Tartarus of Maids essay The story is set up in Woedolar Mountain in the mid nineteenth century at a time the world was going through the process of industrialization.

Factories were multiplying at a higher rate and the process of economic progression was taking shape in Patients and Their Relevant Diseases essay This paper will manifestly respond to the set of questions pertaining to the two studies regarding cancerous patients and their relevant diseases. The main focus of this paper deals with the statistical analysis of the data collected, how it was Paul Laurence Dunbar essay Paul Laurence Dunbar who was a renowned poet and novelist gained unrivalled recognition for his exceptional pieces.

In his illustrious career, he became the first African American author to break the national barriers in his career where he earned It opens in a flat of a young couple, Stella and Stanley Play vs Essay and Poem essay A play is a structured literary form of theatre that is used to highlight various issues in society. An essay is a structured written presentation about an issue, while a poem is a literal presentation of ideas using various styles such as Poem and Short Story Exam Questions Review essay Question 1 In every stanza of this poem, Donald Justice introduces an image that differentiates men at forty from boys.

In the first stanza, Donald uses the image of a door, and he says that men at forty close doors softly, when they do not intend Poetry essay Poets use different styles in presenting their poetry, and these styles determine how their works will be received.

The poets choose the levels of difficulty for their poetry depending on the target audience. This reduces the accessibility of the William Shakespeare, Edmund Spenser and John Donne English poetry invokes unique feelings and emotions, shows beauty and mastery of English Renaissance poets.

Among the greatest representatives of English poetry, William Shakespeare There are not so many actresses in the whole cinematic world that could accurately convey the essence This essay majorly focuses on the application of Post-modern literary theory in the two Post-Modernism essay Post-Modernism is simultaneously the most controversial and fascinating architectural movement of recent decades.

Never has a style been by turns, so all pervasive and then so abruptly unfashionable. Embraced in the late s and s by designers Postcolonial Literature essay This essay investigates the literature on postcolonial literature. Particularly, it describes trauma as an important aspect worth considering in any study to do with post colonial literature.

Further, the essay puts into consideration ways in which The main discussion of this paper is centred on the themes brought up in the poem, and the underlying various aspects of epic outlined in the Property by Valerie Martin essay In literature, foreshadowing is hinting at possible developments that will occur later in the story. The purpose of foreshadowing is to create suspense and curiosity about the story so that the reader keeps wondering what lead to the events Racial Segregation essay Slavery denotes the social system that saw people treated as any other kind of property to the extent of being sold, bought as well as forced into manual labor.

The innocent civilians were captured from their farms and sold off far away from their Reading Research Literature essay This paper will evidently answer the set of questions pertaining to the two studies about cancerous patients and their respective diseases; the studies attempt to come up with better treatment strategies of the global epidemic.

Realism Paper essay Realism is the 19th century movement that sought to change playwrights from the traditional pieces of romance and instead focus on the day to day activities that shaped the daily lives of the people. The new style of writing influenced the way of The two are similar in a sense that both novels invoke readers to reflect upon the masculine Response to Notes of a Native Speaker essay The article Notes of a Native Speaker by Eric Liu defines the several characteristics that make a person belong to a certain religious, ethnic, racial or age group.

These characteristics include the lifestyle an individual leads, ambitions, Sander highlights on numerous issues, As soon as songs were recognized to have the power to convey literary messages in music, literary works became the wealth of ideas This is because Frost describes the kind of relationship he has not only with his beloved, but also with his hobby, which is poetry.

Romanticism and Transcendentalism essay Romanticism is a philosophical movement which defined and described ways in which the Western cultured people carried themselves, thought about themselves and the way they thought about the world Brooklyn College. Transcendentalism, on the other

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- World Literature Essay “The Jane Austen novel ‘Pride and Prejudice’ is basically concerned with the education of a young heroine” The statement “The Jane Austen .

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The Local as the Global: Reflections on Teaching World Literature By Emad Mirmotahari Photo by Kevin Lau The following essay argues for the importance of shifting world literature courses away from “survey” and toward the interrogation of categories of knowledge that typi.

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Love, Sex, and the Gods in World Literature Essay Love, Sex, and the Gods in World Literature Literature throughout world history contains many of the same themes and motifs. The works that will be discussed in this paper: Homer’s The Iliad, Aristophanes’ Lysistrata, and Ovid’s Metamophoses, all contain common themes. World Literature Research Papers World literature research papers from Paper Masters are custom written and discuss exactly what you need. World Literature research papers discuss topics ranging from African Literature to Antigone, The Odysee to the Illiad, and all the great classics of literature across the globe.

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Essay on world literature due soon? Check free writing samples published at or buy custom paper prepared by an expert US writer. If you need to accomplish IB English world literature essay, you will definitely understand the above-mentioned statement. A discovery of word pictures is the main part of literature reading. As it is known, every word picture is a reflection of reality and expression of a writer's ideology coincidently.