STI rates are alarming high for the current adolescent population and this afflicted group also happens to be the least informed about the extreme risks that STIs carry. This problem is compounded by a public system that tends to practice ineffective means of informing and teaching our youth about proper sexual practices in terms of both safety and making informed, intellectual decisions.
From a statistical point of view, STIs are one of the most dangerous and prevalent health issues that face our youth currently. What is even more problematic is that of those that were surveyed, only half of the females that were surveyed acknowledged that they were actually engaging in sexual intercourse. This reveals a fundamental problem that our society has in labeling what falls under the category of sexual actions.
Because our society has taken a stance of promoting abstinence and denial of explaining to our children what constitutes sexual activity, the youth tends to have varying descriptions of what sexual activities include. Many of our youth only consider vaginal intercourse as sexual intercourse and will not qualify oral sex or other activities under the definition, whereas others will consider oral sex and other such sexual activities as being a part of sexual intercourse.
With these varying levels of what constitutes intercourse, our youth is actually showing that they are confused about the very nature of what is considered being sexually active; a problem such as this falls at the feet of the adult population. This misconception of what is considered to be sexual intercourse is one of the key reasons that the youth of America is the largest group to be effected by STIs yearly.
The reality of the situation is that more and more young people are having sexual intercourse and as a result are becoming exposed to STIs.
With such a large proportion of the sexually active community for this group not using a means of sexual protection, it comes as no real shock as to why this particular group is seeing such a high rate of STI contraction and transmission.
Coupling this fact with the issue of not being exposed to adequate information about the dangers of STIs and the youth of America will only continue to see a rise in both unplanned pregnancies and STI contraction rate. One of the key factors that makes this group so susceptible to STIs are that the youth of America tends to be the most untested group in terms of knowing whether they have an STI or not.
This comes from the negative stigma that adults have placed on having sexual intercourse as a youth. The adult population of the United States must recognize the truth of the issue when it comes to young people and sexual activity. Most importantly, adults must communicate to the youth the importance of being informed about their own sexual health.
This means that the youth of America must be informed about the ease and importance of being tested for STIs and the importance of using condoms as a means of preventing STIs. This shows a fundamental problem with the communication between the youth and adults of America in terms of sexual health. Both parties are feeling strained about communication on this important issue, and as a result, many misconceptions that lead to health issues have become prevalent.
One of the most common misconceptions facing young people is that. With such misconceptions such as this in place, teens feel as though they are not normal for not engaging in sexual behaviors and, therefore, rush into becoming sexually active in order to fit into a social group. This issue of social pressure only grows when one looks at the constant world of advertisements and expected culture norms that young people are exposed to on a daily basis. When young people see these sorts of ads, they naturally will associate being an adult with these sorts of actions.
These sorts of over the top depictions of genders is extremely detrimental to the young people of the nation because they are blatantly false and promote a terrible image of what actual adults are like in the real world.
What the nation clearly needs is an overhaul of its public policy on teaching about sexual health and making informed choices on sexual activity among young people.
The nation must abandon the old mentality of telling young people to simply not engage in sexual activity, as that clearly is not working. Instead, a new system must be put into place that realizes that more and more young people are becoming sexually active. This system should be one that aims to inform and teach the values of practicing a safe lifestyle in terms of sexual activity.
Instead of chastising and scaring young people, adults must aim to inform them that dangers exist but can be avoided by practicing safe sex. As noted by Yarber and Parrillo ,. Infection with certain STDs can increase the risk of getting and transmitting HIV as well as alter the way the disease progresses. In addition, STDs can cause long-term health problems, particularly in women and infants. Some of the health complications that arise from STDs include pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, tubal or ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, and perinatal or congenital infections in infants born to infected mothers.
To develop these strategies, basic research is necessary toward understanding the structure, function, growth, pathogenesis, and evolution of STD bacterial, viral, parasitic, protozoan, and fungal agents. Another important aspect of basic research is to examine the impact of STDs in various populations. Recent advances include the genomic sequencing of pathogens responsible for trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and human genital ulcer disease chancroid.
The sequencing of genomes allows researchers to read and decipher genetic data that may aid in the development of novel diagnostics, topical medications, and vaccines. See all Sexually Transmitted Diseases related news releases. A cornerstone of public health is disease prevention. Tools to prevent STDs, such as vaccines, topical microbicides, and behavioral interventions, are a vital part of protecting the public against infectious diseases.
Gardasil, a vaccine against the four most common strains of human papillomavirus HPV , is an exciting accomplishment in the field of STDs. However, the work to develop safe and effective vaccines against other STDs continues. Most notably are the ongoing clinical trials to evaluate an investigational vaccine to prevent genital herpes. Early and rapid diagnosis of STDs increases the chance to limit effects of the disease.
Left untreated, STDs, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, genital herpes, and human papillomavirus, can lead to devastating and sometimes long-term complications. These complications include blindness, bone deformities, brain damage, cancer, heart disease, infertility, birth defects, mental retardation, and even death.
There are many different kinds of STDs, and the types of treatment are as varied as their symptoms. NIAID supports the development and licensure of vaccines, topical microbicides, and drug treatments, such as antibiotics and antifungals, for the microbes that cause STDs.
No STD is harmless.
To develop these strategies, basic research is necessary toward understanding the structure, function, growth, pathogenesis, and evolution of STD bacterial, viral, parasitic, protozoan, and fungal agents. Another important aspect of basic research is to examine the impact of STDs in various populations.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses.
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2). NIAID supports research on genital herpes and herpes simplex virus (HSV). Studies are currently underway to develop better treatments for the millions of . 26th Annual Principles of STD/HIV Research Course University of Washington in Seattle, WA July 23 – August 2, Course application is now closed! Please email [email protected] with any inquiries.
The mission of the Johns Hopkins Center for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) Research, Prevention and Training is to help prevent and control STDs and associated diseases by: fostering collaborative interdisciplinary research, educating and training clinicians and scientists, and providing leadership in the implementation of public health initiatives. Jan 31, · Research on STDs/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) falls into the portfolios of several NICHD organizational units. Some of their activities are explained below. The Population Dynamics Branch (PDB) funds studies of sexual behaviors related to .