In the introduction part you should clearly state why you have chosen the following topic. But first introduce to the readers the title and the main subject of the essay. In the main body you should present the actual discussion on the topic. You should discuss the subject of investigation from different sides, so the reader will get an overall view on the problem under discussion.
All pros and cons of the subject should be placed successively according to their importance. Start with the most general arguments and step-by-step proceed to the most important and vivid proofs. Make sure you use simple, error free language. Also your language should be fluent and paragraphs of the main body should be logically connected to each other.
In the concluding part you should provide an extended summary of all the main points of the main body. Never start to discuss new points in your concluding part. How to write an essay Before you start, it is important to understand what type of essay you are required to write. Types of essays and suggested structures Analytical essay Argumentative essay Interpretive essay Comparative essay Problem and solution essay Cause and effect essay Analytical essay This is perhaps the most common structure.
Introduction Background information on topic Statement of your position on the topic thesis Overview of arguments to be presented structure Body paragraphs paragraph 1 Topic sentence outlining first argument Sentences giving explanations and providing evidence to support topic sentence Concluding sentence — link to next paragraph paragraph 2 Topic sentence outlining second argument Sentences giving explanations and providing evidence to back topic sentence Concluding sentence — link to next paragraph Following body paragraphs These follow the same structure for as many arguments as you wish to put forward in support of the topic.
Introduction Brief background information on topic Overview of issues to be addressed in the essay structure State overall interpretation thesis Body paragraphs paragraph 1 Topic sentence outlining first issue identified from the data Sentences giving further explanation and providing evidence from both the literature and the data, e.
Concluding sentence — link to next paragraph paragraph 2 Topic sentence outlining second issue identified As above Concluding sentence — link to next paragraph Following body paragraphs These follow the same structure for as many issues as you wish to discuss from the data you have been supplied. Conclusion Statement of overall interpretation Summary of the main issues from the data supplied Make recommendations or suggest solutions to address the issues arising from the data supplied.
Comparative essay Examples of this type of essay include compare, compare and contrast or differentiate questions. Answered all parts of the question or task? Included a thesis statement answer to a question or response to a task and an appropriate argument?
Developed my argument by using logical points which are well reasoned? Used information from academic texts or credible sources to support my argument? Included relevant examples, where necessary, from the supplied case study or other data to demonstrate application? Been analytical and demonstrated critical thinking in my essay? Proofread my work to check that each paragraph links to the previous or the thesis?
Structured my essay in an introduction, body and conclusion Checked my spelling, grammar and punctuation Further information Assignments on HiQ - Working out how to start your assignments.
Academic honesty What is academic honesty at QUT? What if you are accused of academic dishonesty? These are known as discussion or argument or for and against essays. In this sense, the academic meaning of the word discuss is similar to its everyday meaning, of two people talking about a topic from different sides.
For a discussion essay, a balanced view is normally essential. This makes discussion essays distinct from persuasion essays , for which only one side of the argument is given.
When writing a discussion essay, it is important to ensure that facts and opinions are clearly separated. Often you will examine what other people have already said on the same subject and include this information using paraphrasing and summarising skills, as well as correct citations. Although the structure of a discussion essay may vary according to length and subject, there are several components which most discussion essays have in common.
In addition to general statements and thesis statement which all good essay introductions contain, the position of the writer will often be stated, along with relevant definitions.
The main body will examine arguments for in one or more paragraphs and arguments against also in one or more paragraphs. The conclusion will contain a summary of the main points, and will often conclude with recommendations , based on what you think are the most important ideas in the essay.
The conclusion may also contain your opinion on the topic, also based on the preceding evidence. When summarising the stages in a discussion or in presenting your arguments, it can be useful to mark the order of the items or degrees of importance. The following words and phrases can be used. It is important in English writing, including academic writing, to use synonyms rather than repeating the same word. The following are useful synonyms for 'advantage' and 'disadvantage'.
Below is a compare and contrast essay. This essay uses the point-by-point structure. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to the right to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the comparisons and contrasts contained in the main body.
An increasing number of students are going overseas for tertiary education. To what extent does this overseas study benefit the students? Most people spend around fifteen years of their life in education, from primary school to university study.
In the past, students only had the opportunity to study in their own country. Nowadays, however, it is increasingly easy to study overseas, especially at tertiary level. Tertiary education, also called post-secondary education, is the period of study spent at university.
As the final aspect of schooling before a person begins their working life, it is arguably the most important stage of their education.
While there are some undoubted benefits of this trend, such as the language environment and improved employment prospects , there is also a significant disadvantage, namely the high cost.
29 rows · Looking at the essay question in close detail will help you to identify the topic and ‘directive words’ (Dhann, ), which instruct you how to answer the question. Understanding the meaning of these directive words .
A discussion essay presents and discusses issues surrounding a particular topic--usually one that is debatable and open to argument. A good discussion essay must include a thorough discussion of both sides of the topic.
Essay maps are flexible; they evolve with your ideas. Signs of Trouble A common structural flaw in college essays is the "walk-through" (also labeled "summary" or "description"). Walk-through essays follow the structure of their sources rather than establishing their own. When you discuss an idea in the essay, you are expected to maintain some concrete structure. Select a single opinion and come up with negative and the positive arguments for the viewpoint. Your opinion should then be summed up in some elegant conclusion.
Notice that this essay has a clear structure and the opinion is clear throughout the essay. A clear position and clear structure mean your essay is easier to mark which should mean a higher score. Other similar types of questions than you can answer in the same way include: – Discuss both sides and give your opinion. Writing Section Tips: How to Structure Your Essay In essay writing, each paragraph should discuss one aspect of the main idea of the essay. Try to use short sentences as much as possible, and break out different ideas .