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How to Approach AP English Language Free-Response Questions

AP English Language Course Study Tips

❶Is there any symbolism used in vague sentences? These questions are based on at least one passage which is a published work, including footnotes or a bibliography.

AP English Language Multiple Choice Tips

Medium-High Score (6-7)
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How to Write AP English Essay Prompts: Know the Challenge in Face!

You thoroughly responded to the prompt, successfully using and citing at least three of the sources to support your argument. You supported your argument in a persuasive way. Your writing is competent, although there may be some minor errors.

Essays earning a score of 7 meet the criteria for the score of 6 but provide more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. Essays earning a score of 6 adequately address the task in the prompt.

They develop their argument by adequately synthesizing at least three of the sources. The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and sufficient. The language may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the prose is clear. You responded to the prompt in a reasonable way. You used and cited at least 3 of the sources in creating your argument. You supported your argument in a reasonably persuasive way, although not as compellingly as an 8 essay.

Your writing is generally understandable. Essays earning a score of 5 address the task in the prompt. They develop their argument by synthesizing at least three sources, but how they use and explain sources is somewhat uneven, inconsistent, or limited.

You did respond to the prompt. You used and cited at least 3 of the sources in creating your argument, but you did not use all of them particularly effectively. The connection between the documents and your argument is underdeveloped. Your writing is mostly understandable but may have errors. Essays earning a score of 4 inadequately address the task in the prompt. They develop their argument by synthesizing at least two sources, but the evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing.

You did not adequately respond to the prompt. You used and cited at least two sources, but you did not effectively link them to your argument. Your essay may summarize sources instead of truly taking a position, or you may have misread the sources. Your writing is not consistently clear. Essays earning a score of 3 meet the criteria for the score of 4 but demonstrate less success in addressing the task.

They are less perceptive in their understanding of the sources, or their explanation or examples may be particularly limited or simplistic. The essays may show less maturity in their control of writing. Your essay did not adequately respond to the prompt. Your interpretation of the sources is incorrect or your argument is overly simplistic. Your writing is overly basic or unclear.

Essays earning a score of demonstrate little success in addressing the task in the prompt. They may merely allude to knowledge gained from reading the sources rather than cite the sources themselves. These essays may misread the sources, fail to develop a position, or substitute a simpler task by merely summarizing or categorizing the sources or by merely responding to the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation.

Essays that score 2 often demonstrate consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of control. You barely addressed the prompt. You may not cite any sources directly, misunderstand the sources, never take a position, or write things that are not relevant to the prompt. Writing is very weak, including grammatical issues. Essays earning a score of 1 meet the criteria for the score of 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in their explanation, weak in their control of writing, or do not allude to or cite even one source.

Your writing barely addressed the prompt. Explanations are extremely simple, writing is incredibly weak, or sources are not used or cited at all.

Indicates an off-topic response, one that merely repeats the prompt, an entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in a language other than English. Essays earning a score of 9 meet the criteria for the score of 8 and, in addition, are especially sophisticated in their argument, thorough in their development, or impressive in their control of language.

You achieved everything an 8 essay did, but the quality of either your argument or your writing is exceptional. They develop their analysis with evidence and explanations that are appropriate and convincing, referring to the passage explicitly or implicitly.

You successfully and persuasively analyzed the rhetoric of the excerpt in a way that is strongly supported by specific examples in the text. Your writing is versatile and strong. You achieved everything a 6 essay did, but your argument was either better explained or supported or your writing was of a higher caliber.

They develop their analysis with evidence and explanations that are appropriate and sufficient, referring to the passage explicitly or implicitly. The essay may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the prose is clear. You successfully analyzed the rhetoric of the excerpt, using appropriate references to the text.

Your writing was generally understandable. The evidence or explanations used may be uneven, inconsistent, or limited. You analyzed the rhetoric of the excerpt, although evidence from the passage may have been poorly used or deployed. These essays may misunderstand the passage, misrepresent the strategies the author uses, or may analyze these strategies insufficiently.

The evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing. You did not analyze the rhetoric in the passage in a reasonable way. Textual evidence may not be appropriate to the task at hand.

The essays may show less maturity in control of writing. The writing may also be even more inconsistent or basic. These essays may misunderstand the prompt, misread the passage, fail to analyze the strategies used, or substitute a simpler task by responding to the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation.

The essays often demonstrate consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of control. You barely analyzed the passage. Writing is consistently weak. Essays earning a score of 1 meet the criteria for the score of 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in their explanation, or weak in their control of language. A 1 essay is has similar weaknesses to a 2 essay, but is even more poorly supported or poorly written.

Essays earning a score of 9 meet the criteria for the score of 8 and, in addition, are especially sophisticated in their argument, thorough in their development, or particularly impressive in their control of language.

You meet the criteria for an 8, plus you have either a particularly strong argument, strong support, or strong writing. Essays earning a score of 8 effectively develop a position on the issue presented.

The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and convincing, and the argument is especially coherent and well developed. You persuasively address the prompt, using strong evidence to support your argument.

Your writing is strong but not necessarily perfect. Essays earning a score of 7 meet the criteria for the score of 6 but provide a more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. A 7 essay meets the criteria for a 6 essay but is either better-argued, better-supported, or more well-written. Essays earning a score of 6 adequately develop a position on the issue presented. The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and sufficient, and the argument is coherent and adequately developed.

The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the prose is clear. You reasonably address the prompt, using reasonable evidence to support your argument. Your writing is generally good but may have some mistakes. Essays earning a score of 5 develop a position on the issue presented. You do address the prompt, although the support for your argument may be sparse or not wholly convincing. Your writing is usually clear, but not always.

Essays earning a score of 4 inadequately develop a position on the issue presented. The reading period is designed to provide students with time to develop thoughtful, well-organized responses. They may begin writing their responses before the reading period is over. For free-response questions from prior exams, along with scoring information, check out the tables below.

Be sure to review the Chief Reader Report. In this invaluable resource, the Chief Reader of the AP Exam compiles feedback from members of the reading leadership to describe how students performed on the FRQs, summarize typical student errors, and address specific concepts and content with which students have struggled the most that year.

This is the core document for this course. It clearly lays out the course content and describes the exam and AP Program in general. Understand your options for reporting your official scores. You could earn an award for your AP scores. Most colleges in the U. See what your scores mean at colleges around the world. AP Around the World.

AP opens doors at colleges and universities worldwide. AP English Language and Composition. Learn about the exam. Course not offered at your school? Additional Information Next steps. Want to know the AP credit policy of a particular college or university? YouTube icon new window Twitter icon new window.

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AP English Language and Composition Course Description— This is the core document for this course. It clearly lays out the course content and describes the exam and AP Program in general.

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These AP English Language tips can help you feel confident about scoring a 5 on the AP Language and Composition exam. Let’s get started. AP English Language Course Study Tips. Before you learn how to study for the specific portions of the AP Language exam, it’s .

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The AP English Language and Composition Free Response The free response section has a minute reading period. After that time, you will have minutes . Are you ready to face tricky AP English essay prompts? If not, this mini-guide will get you ready for the challenge – discover expert tips and examples! Having some powerful AP English essay examples on hands may help to write a winning personal statement – these challenges have a lot in common. AP English Language and Composition.

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AP English Language Essay: The Receipt for Success. May 23, AP English Language and Composition Essay What Does That Mean? If your teacher hasn’t assigned you any summer reading, then find a suggested list of AP English books that will help you on the exam. There are some great classics in there and that way you can be choosy. Buy This CliffsNotes Book Here! Each of the three AP English Language and Composition essays equals one-third of the total essay score, and the entire essay (free-response) section equals 55% of the total exam score. Each essay is read by experienced, well-trained high school AP teachers or college.